“I have a business where I specialise in bike fitting, primarily multi-sports. A lot of people are doing road bikes, but I do everything from fixed to road to cyclocross to Race Across America fittings. But we live in Chicago so lots of road bikes. Things that cyclists get wrong with their bike position? Cleat placement. That is where I start.
“The shoe fit and if it is functioning for you. If the shoe the right size. Its position on the pedal. Then seat height and I am looking at lower leg kinetics, foot and ankle, to see if you are too high or too low. See how the spine is reacting. Then up to saddle height and the reach according to pelvic flexion and torso length. Over 100 kilometres you might see a centimeter of compaction in your spine. And then the muscles dehydrate through the day. Your muscles are not lax. They are actually tighter and there is less mobility in muscles and ligaments over the ride.
“The bike is still out there but you are shorter and shorter. And your arm position is about stretching your torso out so you can breathe. All those organs and your stomach have to go somewhere. You have to open your body so you can breath. And then shoulder mobility is another thing and how your pelvis is rotating. That might change if you were riding 150, 170 km.”